Aug 3 21

Substance Abuse: What Is It and Who Does It Affect?

Tranelle Maner

As the world is beginning to return to regular activity amid a post pandemic world it’s important to highlight the effects lockdown and isolation has had on the public. More Americans died of drug overdoses than ever last year. Despite the presence and widespread use of the instant lifesaving Narcan treatment, deaths rose by a horrific 30 percent.

Job loss, eviction, and facility closings are all factors that lead to an increase in substance abuse and in some cases death. In the most recent statistics, nearly 20 million Americans age 12 and over needed treatment for an illicit drug or alcohol use problem — but only 2.5 million received treatment at a specialized facility. If you’re someone who needs help with addiction, it’s worth knowing that there are many different routes to recovery. This ultimate guide will help you understand the most common types of addiction, how to get help, and what sort of support is available out there for you.

What Is A Substance Addiction?

To be “addicted” to drugs or alcohol means that you have an uncontrollable desire to use these substances, despite the negative impact that they’ve had on your life. While you can become addicted to almost anything, drug addiction and alcohol addiction are two of the most common types of substance abuse disorders.This means you’ve chosen one of these substances because you’ve developed a strong desire to use them. Examples of habits that can make someone addicted to drugs include recurring drug abuse or binge drinking.

What Makes Someone Addicted To Drugs Or Alcohol?

There are many theories and reasons as to why people develop an addiction to drugs or alcohol. Some people believe that there may be a genetic predisposition to addiction. This means that if someone in your family has an addiction, you may be more likely to develop an addiction. Other people believe that some people are more likely to use drugs or alcohol because of their environment.For instance, if someone in your family is constantly stressed because of their job, it’s likely that they’re going to find it difficult to deal with everyday life without drugs to ease the pressure. People who live in impoverished areas often grow up thinking of drugs as an easy way out of their day-to-day struggles.

How Do You Know If Someone Is An Addict?

Does their job involve them coming home after a long day at work, having a few drinks and nodding off without realizing it? Or is it when they come home from the dentist and stack 3–4 cocktails in front of them without a second thought. It seems that everyone has some sort of substance abuse problem, but it can be difficult to pinpoint exactly what kind of addiction someone is having.
There are 5 stages of addiction: 1) pre-contemplation 2) contemplation 3) preparation 4) action 5) maintenance.

Many addicts don’t realise that they have a problem. They become unaware that they’re taking a drug too often or that their drug use has become a habit.

There are a couple of different types of substance abuse disorders — casual use, nonmedical use, and medical use. It can be very confusing at first to decipher exactly what kind of abuser someone is. They might start experimenting with a friend or binge-watch the latest TV series or movie. Gambling or excessive spending might also start to creep in. However, what seems like a harmless diversion can soon spiral out of control.


Drug or alcohol addiction is a progressive disease that can take over an individual’s life if left untreated. There are many signs that someone is addicted to drugs or alcohol, but there is also help available for those who feel they need it.